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Silage Crushing And Storage

Steps for silage storage:

Keep the nutrients in straw and do not lose;   

Cornstalks at milk maturity or legumes at early flowering contain a lot of nutrients.   

Once the straw dries, most of the nutrients are lost, and green storage uses microbial skills to retain them.

save animal feed costs in winter;   

Cattle sheep and other animals need a lot of nutrition and energy in winter to withstand the cold climate,

the feed history of fattening cattle and sheep in winter is relatively single, and the feed after storage can solve this big problem.

The microorganism is beneficial to animal growth;   

The microflora involved in the process of green storage can not only help preserve feed but also regulate the microbial balance in the animal body, improve nutritional transformation and promote growth.

What are the common storage methods:

(1) above ground type green storage: small construction amount, convenient material taking.

(2) semi-underground storage: between the two.

(3) Underground storage: convenient feeding.

(4) Bag-type youth storage: small-scale youth storage, low cost.

(5) Silage: Choose short-term storage

Do the machinery used Do early silage use of machinery:

Straw grinder, hay cutter, straw kneading machine.

Silage Hay cutter skill process:

1.  Size of green storage tank:

the width of the green storage cellar should not be larger than the depth in general.  

A good ratio is 1:1.5 -2, and the width should not exceed 2.5 meters.   

How to calculate the volume of the pit?   General corn straw in water content is not much and cut the contrast of fine condition,

1 cubic meter is about 500 kilograms of control, cut contrast coarse words in 400 kilograms of control.  

Then calculate the volume of the green storage pool according to your stock quantity and appropriate,

and then you can get the length, width, and height of the pool.

2.  Corn straw preparation:

grain corn in the old, straw before the general green leaves can be silaged;   

Grain general-purpose corn can be harvested silage when corn is old enough to harvest and yellow leaves are less;

  Feed corn can be harvested for silage after milk maturity.   

The rotten corn, or the corn covered with mud, should be removed beforehand.   

Generally, corn straw is cut into 1cm – 3cm sections by machine, with longer sections for large animals and shorter ones for small animals.   

In terms of moisture, hold the chopped straw tightly with your fingers sewed with water but not dripping down.  

Too much water is not conducive to green storage.   

When the moisture is large, it can be properly hung or mixed with some hay, and when the humidity is too small, it can be properly sprayed.

3.  Charging and sprinkling:

Mix the Gymboree green storage feed starter with cornflour or bran and rice bran in the appliance in a ratio of 1:10.   

One pack (500 grams) of Gymboree Green Storage Feed starter can produce 5 tons of green storage feed.   

When loading the cellar, load straw while sprinkling fermentation bacteria while stepping on it.  Every 30 cm thick, it is necessary to step on it thoroughly once.   

In the loading time, special attention should be paid to stepping on the edge,

so that the air inside is shot out as far as possible so that the storage is not a simple failure.

Corn stalks harvested must be used on the same day, so that water and nutrition will not be lost, while harmful bacteria will not multiply.   

Loading as far as possible a full, if not a full, should be in the first loading after the end of the top covered with plastic cloth.   

Tip: the material must be 30-40 cm higher than the pit mouth because,

with the fermentation of the reservoir and the pressure of the soil layer on the top, it will gradually settle.

4. Capping, covering soil:

with 2-3 layers of plastic film will arc roof ridge shape straw pile completely covered,

pile four sides should be left with 40 cm of dominance, convenient to cover solid soil.

Top tip: Push from the long side to the other side gradually, this will force the air out of the pile.   

The top should also be covered with soil, with a thickness of 20-30 cm.  See the video for details.   

After sealing the top of the pile, dig a drainage ditch about 50 cm from the pit opening.   

One week to check the condition of the soil near the cellar, appropriate soil cover, to avoid air leakage.

5.  Commissioning, quality inspection, and feeding:

the principle is that feeding should be finished immediately after commissioning, not intermittently, simply resulting in secondary fermentation.